Friday, 8 July 2016

Jav 8 FlatMap Explained Stream API

In this short example , i will explain where we can use flatMap function of java stream api .

Suppose you have a multi level list where many objects are stored , and you want to convert it to a single list of objects . We can use flatmap which will flatten the list easily .

FlatMap basically first applies the transformation , and then then flatten the result in a single collection .

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;

 * Created by abhishek.somani on 8/7/16.
public class JavarootsFlatMapExample {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String[] arr = {"abhishekl","somani"};
        String[] arr2 = {"java","example","1.8","stream"};
        List<List<String>> list = new ArrayList<>();
        final List<String> strings = ->;

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Tuesday, 5 April 2016

Mule HttpListener Example

Mule Runtime 3.6 and later version have deprecated old Http Connector with , new Http Listener Config . Let's take an example to see how we can use it .This example also demonstrates how to get a particular xml element without using JAXB .

This example app will listen to a particular host and port , for post method , and parses the request xml using xpath . Based on the xml , we return the response based on the input xml received in request .

This is our mule config xml :
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<mule xmlns:http="" xmlns="" xmlns:doc=""
 xmlns:spring="" version="CE-3.6.1"

<http:listener-config port="8081" host="" name="myRequestConfig" >
 <http:worker-threading-profile maxThreadsActive="15"/>

<flow name="SimpleTest" >
<http:listener path="/abc" config-ref="myRequestConfig" allowedMethods="PATCH"/>
<logger category="d" level="ERROR" message="xpath: #[xpath3('/isCancelled')]"/>

<choice >
<when expression="#[xpath3('/isCancelled') == 'true']">
 <set-payload value="SUCCESSS"></set-payload>
 <set-payload value="FAIL"></set-payload>

Now we can see that traditional http inbound endpoint and http connector is replaced with Http Listener and Http Listener Config respectively . The major difference is that we can not use service overrides in Http listener config like we used to do in http connector , also http listener does not return MULE_SESSION in response headers .If we use http listener , all outbound property will automatically be converted in http response headers . You can use allowedMethods attribute to configure different Http methods . We can have multiple http listener , referencing to same listener config . Multiple flows with same path but different methods is also allowed .

Post Comments And Suggestions .!!!

Wednesday, 9 December 2015

How to Generate Barcode 128 In Java

For generating Barcodes , we can use Barcode4j library , which is opensource and free library . Let's look at some java code to generate barcode as image in java .

First of all , enter following dependency in your pom.xml.

You can also download the jar from here if you are using it in a standalone java program .

Now here is the sample java program which generates the barcode 128 with codeset B and save it as a png file.

import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;

import org.krysalis.barcode4j.impl.code128.Code128Bean;
import org.krysalis.barcode4j.impl.code128.Code128Constants;
import org.krysalis.barcode4j.output.bitmap.BitmapCanvasProvider;

public class MainClass2 {
  public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
    String barcodeString = "4888575";
    Code128Bean barcode128Bean = new Code128Bean();
    final int dpi = 100;

  //Configure the barcode generator
    //adjust barcode width here
  barcode128Bean.setModuleWidth(UnitConv.in2mm(5.0f / dpi)); 

  //Open output file
  File outputFile = new File("G:/barcode.png");
  OutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(outputFile);
      BitmapCanvasProvider canvasProvider = new BitmapCanvasProvider(
              out, "image/x-png", dpi, BufferedImage.TYPE_BYTE_BINARY, false, 0);




Barcode4J supports other formats like EAN-128, GS1-128 , Code 39 etc as well .

Provide comments and suggestions !!!

Sunday, 22 November 2015


NFS mount is used to share a directory between several servers, It saves the disk Space and is Useful for a Infrastructure where a application shares a common directory and is hosted in multiple instances.

Lets think we have a Rails application where we upload a csv file and save it a directory in server with file name to DB .

On the other hand a Rake Task/ Cron Job runs every two minutes that polls DB for file name and proccess the CSV file to get the desired response.

It works fine when we have a single instance hosted in server, think if we have two instances of Rails in different Server and is managed by a Load balancer to server request.

When a File Upload Request comes to ELB , it directs to instance1 with file1 and the second request to instance 2 with file2, The cron job in instance 2 picks the file name file1 from DB and doesnot found any matching file and Marks FILE NOT FOUND IN DB , where as file is present in instance1.

To avoid this type of issues we can use S3 which we can get py paying few amount, the Opensource way is Using NFS Mount, Lets Check how to Configure NFS.

Lets Say we have two instances with IP:

Lets Configure
NFS-Master :
NFS - Client :

Execute the following Commands:
sudo su 
yum install nfs-utils nfs-utils-lib
Startup Scripts :

chkconfig nfs on 
service rpcbind start 
service nfs start

EXPORT the Shared Directory :

Suppose we want the directory /home/rails/upload_dir , to be shared between the instances.

Open vi /etc/exports
Add the following lines at EOF
then execute :
exportfs -a
service nfs restart
SSH to server

Execute following commands:

yum install nfs-utils nfs-utils-lib
#Assuming the upload_dir path is same as instance1
mkdir -p /home/rails/upload_dir
mount /home/rails/upload_dir

You Can verify it by typing:
df –h
Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/sda               20G  783M   18G   5% / 20G  785M   18G   5% /home/rails/upload_dir
nano /etc/fstab
Add the following line:  /home/rails/upload_dir nfs      defaults,_nfs_shared 0 0
Try creating a file in instace1 of shared dir and check it should be populated in instance2 of shared dir(/home/rails/upload_dir)

Keep in Mind Once the NFS Mount is unmounted all the data will be lost from the mounted instance , but data will be safe in Master instance.

This post is created by Santosh Mohanty . You can contact him for any questions at or message him on his linkedIn profile .

Tuesday, 17 November 2015

Search And Replace String in ByteBuffer

This is a simple java program which will search and replace a particular String in ByteBuffer
import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
import java.nio.CharBuffer;
import java.nio.charset.Charset;

public class ByteBufferTest {
  public static void main(String[] args)
    String fullText = "javarootsbestwebsiteoftheyear";
    String search = "website";
    String replace = "blog";
    ByteBuffer input = ByteBuffer.wrap(fullText.getBytes());
    byte[] toSearch = search.getBytes();
    int index = getIndex(input, toSearch);
    byte[] first = new byte[index];
    byte[] second = replace.getBytes();
    ByteBuffer finalOne = ByteBuffer.allocate(first.length+second.length+input.remaining());
    CharBuffer result = Charset.forName("UTF-8").decode(finalOne);
    String s = result.toString();
  public static int getIndex(ByteBuffer input , byte[] toSearch)
    int index = -1 ;
    while(input.hasRemaining() && index==-1)
      boolean found = true ;
      for(byte b : toSearch)
          found = false ;
          break ; 
        index= input.position()-toSearch.length;
    return index ;


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Monday, 9 November 2015

Beginners Guide to Jenkins

In this blog we will be learning how to use Continuous Integration tools to deploy Projects, Here I will be using Jenkins as CI and Maven as build tool to deploy Spring MVN Based Applications.
You can Install Jenkins through yum/apt-get for your Linux/Redhat Distributions, but I prefer to install jenkins as a home user so that it can access my tools like java,maven,capistrano,ruby,pscp and many different tools.

My Home directory here is /home/rails

Jenkins will be installed under /home/rails/.jenkins

To do this I will download the Jenkins.war file from jenkins repo

STEP 2 :
Execute the war file using this command

java -jar jenkins.war --httpPort=8080
You will view the following lines
Nov 05, 2015 1:14:43 AM hudson.WebAppMain$3 run
INFO: Jenkins is fully up and running

Access Jenkins through localhost:8080
You should View a Wonderful Jenkins Dashboard.
STEP 3 :

Create a User who can create jobs and build those, Let me make it easier for you:
•Click on Manage Jenkins => Configure Global Security
•Enable Security => Jenkins Own user Database.
•Under Authorization part, select Matrix based Security, For Anonymous User Under View select only Read Permission
•Now Click on Add and create a user named Admin and Grant All Access
•Click Save and Apply
•You will be redirected to Set up page enter your password and click Save.

Step 4:

Manage Plugins:

By Default Jenkins comes in with prebuilt plugins like svn, maven,scp for installing extra plugins you can go to availables tab and install.

Step 5:

Accessing Repository to download source code and build
•Here I will be using SVN & SSH
•As I am in my home directory I will be using my ~/.ssh/id_rsa Keys for Authentication
•Click on Add Credentials => Global Credential and enter your credentials
•Repo url: svn+ssh://
•SSH Authentication
Username : svn
Passphrase: ****** (Null if no Passphrase)
Private Key : Upload your id_rsa Key

Step 6:

Click on Create Job:
•Type Project Name
•Enter SVN Repo details
•Build => Invoke Top Level Maven Target
•Use Maven Version as Default
•Goal : clean -Dmaven.test.skip=true package -P prod
•Apply and Save.
Now Its Done.
If you need to send the build to some other location Enter your script in command shell this would do the Work.
Step 7:

Click on Build Now, The Build Should Work for you.

Now it should show you a success message.

Jenkins + Capistrano Integration Coming Soon.

This post is created by Santosh Mohanty . You can contact him for any questions at or message him on his linkedIn profile .

Wednesday, 2 September 2015

Why You Should Move to Rails 5

Every one of us is waiting for a new and clean release of Rails 5 , which not only accepts the SPA(Single Page Application) Implementation easily but also has enhanced the performance and structure of thr most popular Rails frame work.

The release of Rails 5 is supposed to be fall on summer/fall of 2015.

Lets discuss the rich changes/implementation of Rails 5.


SPA is on rise, while developing a Single page application we rails developers faced a lot of issues, the routing was lacked and there were several security vulnerabilities that we had to handle.

In Rails 5, the rails-api Gem will be merged into core allowing the use of Rails as Simple JSON API. Which ease building API using Javascript Library.


In Rails 5 all the current rake commands will be accessible via the rails command.
When you want to run a migration, you will type rake db:migrate in Rails 4. In Rails 5 this will become railsdb:migrate.
The reason for this change is that currently it's not very logical which command has to go through rake and which command should go through rails. When you're working with rails for a longer time it becomes second nature, but only because you remember it.
For a newcomer, this is a big problem and makes learning rails confusing.
See this issue on GitHub for more details .


You can now restart all of your apps with the command rake restart.
See this Pull Request for more details .


In Rails 5, the test helpers assigns() and assert_template() will be deprecated. Its because testing instance variable and what template is being called smells bad. These are internals of controller and controller tests should not care about what vars I set.
Controllers test are concerned about HTTP,Cookies, Renders, Redirects and so on.
More Details can be found here .


Rails will only support Ruby 2.2.1 and up. Since it wants to be able to leverage all the speed improvements in the newer ruby versions. They skipped version 2.2.0 since it has a segfault bug source.


For the folks who don’t like to meddle around with JS, Turbolinks offers an instantaneous performance boost, and allows you to retain most of your page and selectively update certain regions through partials. This is very similar to how SPA’s work, and you can choose to do all this from the server.


Many projects these days use WebSockets to push live updates to the client. While most client browsers(IE > 9, Chrome, Firefox, Safari) have started to support this, we still need a robust client on the server to manage the subscribers and send an update signal appropriately. This feature is available out of the box in some of the newer frameworks, like Phoenix for Erlang. However, the Rails community had to resort to third party implementations, like Pushr, to get this working.

Rails traditionally offers all the tools that one needs to build a great app out of the box. That’s one reason why it is so popular, especially among the startup community. The lack of WebSocket support was a reason for major discontent among the community. It looks like the Rails core team took note of this and came up with Action Cable.

As a Team of Ruby , Rails, Java,JS and CSS Developer we are Commited towards the trending technologies and simplifying developers and Clients Projects .

For any Information regarding Upgrading your Rails Application or building your ideas we welcome you to Our Community.

This post is created by Santosh Mohanty . You can contact him for any questions at or message him on his linkedIn profile .